Forest ecology

Forest ecology

The forest is more than just the sum total of all its trees and more than a producer of raw materials: it is a manifold habitat. Trees and bushes, fungi and lichens all grow here. Apart from game many other animals live in the forest. Nature conservation aims at protecting this variety as well as single species. In addition the forest is also used by us for recreation and relaxation. The interaction and reciprocation between the various elements in the forest eco-system provide the framework for an optimal fulfilment of all forest functions.

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Ozone levels are decreasing, but exposure of forests remains high

Forests in Europe still suffer from excessively high ozone levels. The good news is that ozone concentrations are declining slowly but steadily.

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Cycles and importance of the larch budmoth

The grey larch budmoth is a small moth that reproduces in masses in a regular cycle of eight to ten years. Its caterpillars feed on larch needles, which causes larch forests to turn reddish brown during a mass outbreak.

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Do Wildlife Warning Reflectors Influence the Behavior of Roe Deer?

Every year, 260,000 wild animals are killed in road accidents. Eight-five percent of those animals are roe deer. In Germany, one accident involving wildlife happens every two minutes. Does the light stimulus of the blue reflectors minimize behavior of wildlife that leads to accidents?

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01.03.2018 Wildcats in Bavaria
Wildcats in Bavaria

The wildcat was extinct in Bavaria. Now it is back, especially in the northern part. A monitoring programme based on DNA-analysis provides information on them.

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Income loss and work safety of the Habitat Tree Groups

Since 2010 habitat trees, habitat tree groups (HBG) and small-scale forest reserves have been designated and protected in the Baden-Württemberg state forest, as part of the Habitat Tree and Deadwood Concept (AuT). In order to increase the work safety HBGs are bundled.

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Chamois, ibex and red deer are moving to higher ground

Climate change has prompted three of the most common ungulate species in the Alps - chamois, ibex and red deer - to move to higher elevations in the late summer and autumn. The tendency of roe deer to move to higher ground was weaker.

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The forest in Bavaria as a carbon store

Forests make an important contribution towards climate protection by actively removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The carbon stocks in Bavarian forests are relatively high. But how high, exactly?

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Plant diversity protects against landslides

Landslides repeatedly cause major damage in Switzerland. A report describes how soil stability can be improved long-term with relatively little input. Modified forest management practices and diverse vegetation can play an especially significant and cost-effective role.

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Green areas have a positive impact on human health

Green spaces, especially forests, are good for human health. Spending time in natural and cultural landscapes increases not only our personal welfare, but can also reduce the costs for health care.

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Scientific Research as a Basis for Red Deer Management Concepts

Red deer are the biggest free roaming herbivores in Germany. Thus, it is essential to manage such populations on a large scale. However, managing red deer is difficult due to the various types of forest ownerships, small scale hunting grounds, and inconsistent handling of game winter feeding sites.

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Heading image: Thomas Reich