Forest ecology

Forest ecology

The forest is more than just the sum total of all its trees and more than a producer of raw materials: it is a manifold habitat. Trees and bushes, fungi and lichens all grow here. Apart from game many other animals live in the forest. Nature conservation aims at protecting this variety as well as single species. In addition the forest is also used by us for recreation and relaxation. The interaction and reciprocation between the various elements in the forest eco-system provide the framework for an optimal fulfilment of all forest functions.

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Beavers – landscapers with potential for conflict

In Switzerland beavers were wiped out in the 19th Century but they were reintroduced in 1956. Due to their long absence a large amount of knowledge about living with beavers was lost. In regards to conflict free cohabitation we once again have to learn how to live with the beaver.

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Capercaille Action Plan Switzerland

Capercaille require continuous and well structured areas of forest. However, forests are becoming darker and more uniform and pressure from leisure seekers is increasing. In order for capercaille to survive we have to act now. (5)
Species diversity identification using forest indicators

Biodiversity can best be defined by using direct surveys of different species. However, can the diversity of vascular plants, mosses and molluscs be recorded indirectly using forest structure and habitat characteristics?

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Forest development in the Swiss National Park

Forests are generally perceived as being static. However, anyone who spends any length of time studying forests will notice that they are actually incredibly dynamic.

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Handbook Forest and Water

Forest and Water – the Water Framework Directive has given this broad topic new importance. This handbook explains the relevance of the Water Framework Directive to forest management and how its implications should be handled. (15)
Alder Forests and Alder-Ash Forests in Montane Areas of the Vosges and the Alsatian Jura

Alder and Ash-alder forest communities in the Vosges: their ecological function and threats from human influence. This article from the ONF contains recommendations to manage these forests.

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Ecological function of small watercourses

Questioning the function and value of small watercourses opens up a minefield. This article deals with two basic questions: how do current, structure and communities interrelate to create diverse watercourses and what functions of small watercourses are perceivable in the landscape?

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Economical Value of Loss of Use

Implementing the WFD can lead to forest management restrictions and thereby a yield loss for the forest owner. The FVA has developed a web based calculating tool that enables yield loss calculations. (9)
Implementation Examples in France and Germany

In this article demonstration WFD implementation projects in Germany and France are introduced in small leaflets. The projects encompass silviculture measures along watercourses, passability measures and utilisation of PEHD-pipes.

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Forest Communities along Watercourses

In this section, a selection of the most important forest communities of small streams in montane areas are presented in a series of pamphlets providing a comparative overview. (6)
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Heading image: Thomas Reich