Compared to a decade ago, today the number of insect species on many areas has decreased by about one third. The loss of species mainly affects grasslands in the vicinity of intensively farmed land – but also applies to forests and protected areas.
Since 1912, the European Wildcat was considered to be extinct in Baden-Württemberg for almost a century. Then two carcasses were found in the Upper Rhine Valley and genetically identified as pure wildcats. Ever since, continuous evidence of its occurrence has been found.
The EU member states are required to monitor the state of the species and habitat types protected under the Habitats Directive regularly. Based on the results of this monitoring, the FFH Habitats Directive Report is published every six years.
Biodiversity can best be defined by using direct surveys of different species. However, can the diversity of vascular plants, mosses and molluscs be recorded indirectly using forest structure and habitat characteristics?